The original article published in Japanese ( http://current.ndl.go.jp/e1782 )
Current Awareness-E No.300
17 March, 2016
Trends of Open Access (OA) in 2015 in Current Awareness-R
Among “Current Awareness-R” (CA-R) blog entries in 2015, several articles discussed the topics of digital archives (digitization), distribution of academic information, and Open Access (OA). This article will review these entries in 2015 from the perspective of OA, also a focus of “Current Awareness Portal” (CA Portal).
First of all, diverse institutions released curricula and guides on OA for researchers, librarians, and publishers (UNESCO, OAPEN-UK, Authors Alliance). In addition, PASTEUR4OA (a project that supports development and promotion of OA policies in Europe) released a report summarizing activities and survey outcomes on OA policies as well as a report summarizing implementation of OA policies in EU countries (see E1725).
In the United States, based on “Executive Directive on Increasing Access to the Results of Federally Funded Scientific Research” by Office of Science and Technology Policy in 2013, several institutions developed public access plans: Department of Agriculture, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Department of Defense, National Science Foundation, Department of Veterans Affairs，Smithsonian Institution, and National Institute of Standards and Technology. There were also institutions that released research outcomes through CHORUS (a public-private initiative organized to expand public access of research outcomes of publicly-funded research): National Science Foundation, Smithsonian Institution, American Physical Society, U.S. Geological Survey, and National Institute of Standards and Technology.
In Europe, research institutions began to sign agreements with international publishers such as Elsevier and Springer to promote OA of research outcomes published in their online journals by researchers affiliated with institutions such as The European Organization for Nuclear Research, Jisc in the United Kingdom, Max-Planck Society in Germany. In midst of such trend, negotiation between Association of Universities in the Netherlands and Elsevier on subscription and open access of journal articles reached a deadlock. In July, the Association approached affiliated researchers to resign from the position of editor-in-chief for journals published by Elsevier (at the end, they reached an agreement in December).
Within Japan, research institutions have begun to adopt OA policy, including Kyoto University (see E1686), University of Tsukuba, and International Research Center for Japanese Studies. More research institutions are expected to adopt the same in the future.
CA Portal plans to focus on trends of OA in Japan and abroad, and to transmit the findings in CA-R.
Written by Research and Information Section
Library Support Division, Kansai-kan of the National Diet Library
Translated by Okada Aya