The original article published in Japanese ( https://current.ndl.go.jp/e2208 )
Current Awareness-E No.382
19 December, 2019
Impact of 2019 Typhoon No.15 (Faxai) and No.19 (Hagibis) on Libraries
With Typhoon No.15 (Faxai, moved inland around Chiba City on September 9, 2019), Typhoon No. 19 (Hagivis, moved inland to Shizuoka Prefecture on October 12), and heavy rain around October 25, diverse damage was observed in wide range of areas. Based on information collected up until December 10, 2019, this report introduces situations of libraries affected by these typhoons and heavy rain.
●Impact on LibrariesSeveral public libraries and university libraries announced temporal closure due to these typhoons. Many suffered damage from inundation, leaks in the ceiling, wet materials, and/or water outage. After Typhoon No.15, Chiba Prefectural Library released information on situations of damage and recovery among public/municipal libraries and reading facilities within the prefecture. Yachimata Public Library (Chiba Prefecture) closed temporary until September 23 due to Typhoon No. 15. During this time, the library provided latest newspapers and picture books to the Central Community Center where a self-organized evacuation center opened. The library also offered books at Yachimata Niku Community Center which served as a point of water supply and battery charge.
After Typhoon No. 19, Chiba Prefectural Library, Nagano Prefectural Library, Miyagi Prefectural Library, and Fukushima Prefectural Library released information on situations of damage among libraries within respective prefectures. Fukushima Prefectural Library also introduced their support project that can be utilized in times of disaster.
Some libraries faced delay in reopening after temporal closure due to damages. After Typhoon No.15, Sammu City Sanbu no Mori Library (Chiba Prefecture) closed for power outage and reopened on September 22. After Typhoon No. 19, Iwaki City Library Yotsukura Library (Fukushima Prefecture) closed for water outage and resumed its operation on October 25. Iwanuma City Library (Miyagi Prefecture) closed due to inundation on the facility’s ground floor, but resumed operation on October 29. Kakuda City Library (Miyagi Prefecture) closed due to inundation above floor level, and resumed on October 29 with an exception of “story room” of its children’s library.
Due to heavy rain around October 25, some libraries closed temporarily. Ibaraki University Library Hitachi Branch and Soma City Library (Fukushima Prefecture) closed due to inundation and reopened on October 28 and November 1 respectively.
Some libraries remain closed to date. After typhoon No.19, Marumori Town Kanayama Library (Miyagi Prefecture) announced to close for the time being due to restoration work. Chikuma City Koshoku Library (Nagano Prefecture) announced to close for the time being with damage caused by inundation above floor level. Saku City Usuda Library (Nagano Prefecture) will close while Cosmo Hall, in which the library is located, undergoes post-disaster construction.
Some libraries have limited their services. Tagajo City Library (Miyagi Prefecture) closed its kids area due to Typhoon No.19. Books at Motomiya City Central Community Center Library (Fukushima Prefecture) cannot be used for flood damage. Hakuoh University Library Daigyoji Branch (Tochigi Prefecture) closed for flood damage, but reopened on October 30 with limited area and services. Currently, the basement is unavailable. Stack area at Hitotsubashi University Library (Tokyo Prefecture) cannot be entered for water damage, and part of the library materials are unavailable for use. The reading room on the second floor of the main building is partially closed and unavailable. Tokyo City University Setagaya Campus Library (Tokyo Prefecture) is unavailable for water damage. Partial services are provided at a temporal counter set up in Building No.1 on the same campus.
●Impact on MuseumsSeveral museums and art museums also announced temporal closure. While many reopened in a few days, others required more time to do so. Sodegaura City Local Museum (Chiba Prefecture) and Kururi Castle Museum (Chiba Prefecture) closed due to Typhoon No.15 and reopened on September 21, November 9, respectively. After Typhoon No.19, MOA Museum of Art (Shizuoka Prefecture) and Toda Koshiro Picture Book Museum of Art (Shizuoka Prefecture) closed for water outage, and reopened on October 22 and 24, respectively. Yao City Museum of History and Folklore (Osaka Prefecture) was closed for damage and reopened on November 1. Saitama Museum of Rivers closed for damage caused by inundation, and reopened on November 14 with an exception of part of the facility. Tsukada Museum of History and Legend (Tochigi Prefecture) temporarily closed due to the impact of the same typhoon. Part of the museum is currently open.
Some facilities continue to be closed or are open with limitations. Kawamura Memorial DIC Museum of Art (Chiba Prefecture) has closed its garden for damage from Typhoon No.15,and plans to reopen after late January 2020. After Typhoon No.19, Yoshizawa Memorial Museum of Art, Sano (Tochigi Prefecture) announced to close until the end of December 2019 for recovery work. Yokoyama Kyodokan (Tochigi Prefecture) has been closed for inundation above floor level. Two to three months are required for recovery. Due to damage, Kawasaki City Museum announced to close until further notice. Tochigi Science Museum plans to close its “Wind Playground” until the end of March 2019 due to damage from the typhoon and for repair work. Hoki Museum (Chiba Prefecture) has announced to close until further notice due to water damage caused by heavy rain around October 25.
●Activities to Support Disaster Affected Regions and PeopleNational Research and Development Agency National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Resilience (NIED) has opened “2019 Typhoon No.15 Crisis Response Site” since September 10 and “2019 Typhoon No.19 Crisis Response Site” since October 12. These sites summarize and disclose information by purposes, originally collected in Shared Information Platform for Disaster Management (SIP4D) managed by NIED for the purpose of supporting disaster response.
On October 21, the Cabinet Office issued a public announcement that referred to subsidizing disaster recovery projects of public social education facilities including community centers and libraries. This was an applied measure expected to be additionally designated for “Disasters Caused by Rain Storms Due to 2019 Typhoon No.19” which will be designated as “disaster of extreme severity.” This was decided at the Cabinet meeting on October 29 as “Government Ordinance on Designation of Disasters Caused by Rain Storms and Heavy Rain between October 11 and 14, 2019 as ‘Disaster of Extreme Severity’ and Response Measures to be Taken (令和元年十月十一日から同月十四日までの間の暴風雨及び豪雨による災害についての激甚災害並びにこれに対し適用すべき措置の指定に関する政令.)”The ordinance was promulgated and enforced on November 1. On November 29, the Cabinet meeting decided on the ordinance to amend the above ordinance to extend the period of disaster “to October 26.” This ordinance was promulgated and enforced on December 4.
Osaka Municipal Library Suminoe Library hosted “Exhibition to Support Nagano（長野応援展示）” between October 30 and November 30. The exhibition presented materials and sight-seeing pamphlets of Nagano Prefecture that suffered damage caused by Typhoon No.19. The effort was followed by Osaka Municipal Central Library hosting “Exhibition to Support Regions Affected by Typhoon No.19” from December 6 to January 22, 2020. The exhibition presents pamphlets and related books on affected regions. On November 14, Tokyo City University Library that suffered damage by Typhoon No.19 announced that Maruzen-Yushodo Co., Ltd. has provided full trial service of Maruzen eBook Library, its electronic book provision site.
●Activities to Preserve Damaged MaterialsSince September 11, Chiba Network for Rescuing Historical and Natural Materials has released information on resources damaged by Typhoon No. 15 and heavy rain. On September 20, the network also released information on humidity management in case of power outage and malfunctioning of air conditioning. Kanagawa Local Materials Preservation Network (神奈川地域資料保全ネットワーク) announced that they are collecting information on damaged materials caused by Typhoon No.15 on September 11 and Typhoon No.19 on October 18.
On September 11, Museum Association of Kanagawa Prefecture urged museums to get in contact to request rescue of materials and facilities damaged by Typhoon No.15. On September 26, October 8, and October 28, National Task Force for the Cultural Heritage Disaster Risk Mitigation Network called for information on damage and questions on cultural properties. Preservation of damaged materials was called by several institutions and organizations including organizations working to preserve materials such as Network for Historical Materials, local governments, and archives. On October 15, Tokyo Koon Co., Ltd. announced a launch of contact point to rescue audiovisual materials in response to Typhoon No.19. On November 16, The Japanese Historical Council announced “Emergency Statement on Rescue and Preservation of Cultural Properties and Historical Materials Affected by Heavy Rain (豪雨による被災文化財や歴史資料等の救済・保全についての緊急声明).”
By October 23, Network for Historical Materials began asking for donations to support activities to preserve historical materials. To support preservation activities of damaged materials in Nagano, The Japan Society of Archives Institutions（JSAS） made donation to Shinshu Shiryo Net（信州資料ネット）. The money was collected at its national conference on November 14 and 15.
Hitotsubashi University Library (Tokyo Prefecture) is drying materials that were damaged by water in the stack area. On October 16 and 17, experts from National Institute of Japanese Literature and National Museum of Ethnology visited the library and explained effective ways to dry water-damaged materials. On November 13 and 14, Nagano Prefectural Library provided treatments to water-damaged materials at Chikuma City Koshoku Library. The library has suffered inundation caused by Typhoon No.19.
On October 25, Agency for Cultural Affairs announced that is has requested assistance to National Institutes for Cultural Heritage (Independent Administrative Agency) regarding Kawasaki City Museum affected by Typhoon No.19. The two organizations will work in partnership to provide technical support to rescue the collection. On October 30, upon request for assistance from the municipal government of Kawasaki, Museum Association of Kanagawa Prefecture decided to establish a general task force and to engage in rescue activities. Upon request for cooperation from the municipal government of Kawasaki, the art section of The Japanese Council of Art Museums began rescue activities on November 25. On December 5, municipal government of Kawasaki released information on response situations of inundation damage in Kawasaki City Museum.
●Activities to Preserve RecordsOn October 13, Komoro City Library (Nagano Prefecture) began calling for photos to preserve situations of damage and conditions of the city caused by Typhoon No. 19. It was announced on October 14 that photos taken by staff members are being displayed at the library.
●Activities of Library Related OrganizationsJapan Library Association（JLA） released on its website responses and situations of damage among libraries related to Typhoon No.15 on September 27. The same information on Typhoon No.19 was released on October 18 and 27. On October 31, the association announced “Exemption of Registration Fees to JLA Events among Those Affected by Heavy Rain and Storms Caused by Typhoons (台風等による豪雨及び暴風雨被害の罹災者への本法人参加費等の減免について).” On October 16, Japan School Library Association announced to collect information of damage among school libraries caused by Typhoons No.15 and 1, and to call for donations to support reconstruction. Japan Publication Wholesalers Association (JSLA；general incorporated association) released information on situations of damage among bookstores caused by Typhoon No.19.
Since September 13, Museum Association of Kanagawa Prefecture has posted on Twitter information about member museums in relation to Typhoon No.15. With regard to Typhoon No.19, the association requested representative museums to report observed damages via leading museums of each district on October 11. Collected information has been disseminated on Twitter since October 14. On October 17, Tochigi Prefecture Association of Museums released information about situations of operation among member museums in response to Typhoon No.19. In response to Typhoon No.19, The Japan Society of Archives Institutions（JSAS） released “Verification Report on Situations of Archives Institutions (資料保存利用機関等状況確認報告)” as of October 18 and “Information on Damaged Materials from Nagano City Museum (長野市立博物館からの資料被災情報)” as of November 3.
Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) released information on damage in school facilities, facilities on social education/physical education/culture, cultural properties, independent administrative agencies and others caused by Typhoon No. 15 and No. 19.